On 8th November 1620 the troops of the Czech Estates on one side, and the combined armies of the Catholic League and the Imperial army on the other side, stood against each other on the hillside of White Mountain near Prague.

The Battle of White Mountain was short, but it became a turning point for the Czech lands. Many people had to flee across the border and 27 Czech noblemen were executed. The Czech state, on its basis, entered the foreign new Austrian monarchy and remained its member for 298 years.

In the end, the battle led to the horrors of the fully unleashed Thirty Years’ War.